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Understanding Human Variations: Science Reveals Race Does Not Actually Exist [Video]

In 1950, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) announced that all humans belong to the same species and that race is not a biological reality.

UNESCO made the announcement based on the findings of an international panel of Anthropologists, Geneticists, Sociologists, and Psychologists.

By that time, a great deal of evidence had accumulated to support this conclusion. The scientists who were involved, were those who had conducted research and were most knowledgeable about the topic of human variation.

But that notwithstanding, the issue created a controversy. Scientists continued to work in order to further explore the issue. Later, the American Anthropological Association and the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, gathered scientific data to justify UNESCO’s assertion. However, this would not solve the controversy.
Long before this public proclamation by UNESCO, the famous German-American anthropologist, Franz Boas had opposed the concept of scientific racism in the late 19th Century. Scientific racism is the idea that race is a biological concept, and that human behavior is best understood through the typology of biological characteristics.

In a series of groundbreaking studies of skeletal anatomy, Boas showed that cranial shape and size was highly malleable depending on environmental factors such as health and nutrition. In contrast to these findings, racial anthropologists claimed that head shape is a stable racial trait. Boas also worked to demonstrate that differences in human behavior are not primarily determined by innate biological dispositions, but are largely the result of cultural differences acquired through social learning. In this way, Boas introduced culture as the primary concept for describing differences in behavior between human groups, and as the central analytical concept of anthropology.
Today, the majority of researchers involved in the study of human variation agree that biological races do not exist among humans. By using modern scientific techniques and logic, researchers say their scientific fact that race does not exist is as valid and true as the fact that the earth is round and revolves around the sun. However, researchers agree that ethnicity does exist, and that should not be confused with race. In the medical field, researchers say a DNA test can tell someone what their ethnic makeup is, but it cannot tell the race of the person. This therefore makes the whole issue of race some sort of mythology, as it cannot be proven by observation and empirical evidence.

Recent studies have also proved that humans have been migrating since Homo sapiens evolved some 200,000 years ago. This migration has not been in one direction; instead, humans have traveled back and forth. As a result, the human genes have been mixing since it evolved. Also, it is said the human genetic structure looks complex and intermixed.
On the TestTube Plus, Trace Dominguez, a journalist with a keen interest in human variation, explores the human evolution story. In the past, he explored how the modern man came into being. But in this episode of his show, he explores how race has played a part in human existence, despite the scientific notion that it does not exist.

He explains that the concept of race as we understand it (and often discuss it) is a product of social context. In the United States, slavery and the Civil War forced the society to come up with a specific social context of what made a person “white” versus what made a person “black”.

Even outside the US, different countries around the world define race in completely different ways. And they often contradict the racial classifications commonly used in the US.

An enthusiastic Dominguez digs beyond the usual scope to deliver details, developments and opinions on advanced topics like genetics, AI, and Mars exploration. Just stay focused and watch the conversation with an independent mind, and learn more about the controversial topic.

This Article (Undoerstanding Human Variations: Science Reveals Race Does Not Actually Exist [Vide]) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to the author and AnonHQ.com

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