Truth Code: conspiracy
Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα conspiracy. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων
Εμφάνιση αναρτήσεων με ετικέτα conspiracy. Εμφάνιση όλων των αναρτήσεων

Παρασκευή, 25 Νοεμβρίου 2016

If you had to guess at the state of your posture right now, how healthy do you think it is? For me, I already know what areas I struggle with, and thankfully I found out how to correct it.

f you are like the majority of the population, chances are you are suffering from symptoms correlated with bad posture. Catching a glimpse of myself in the mirror, it’s easy to see that I have forward neck/head posture. This is normally caused by a variation of weak neck muscles, seated job positions, incorrect sleeping positions, and prolonged computer or TV use. But other than the un-esthetic aspect of bad posture, there’s really not much to worry about right? Wrong.

Over time, poor posture takes a serious toll on your spine, shoulders, hips, and knees. In fact, it can cause a cascade of structural flaws that lead to back and joint pain, reduced flexibility, and compromised muscles, all of which limit your ability to burn fat or build strength.

Worst of all, bad posture can cause nerve constriction. As the spine changes in shape, the resulting movements or subluxations can put pressure on the surrounding spinal nerves. Because the nerves that connect to the spine come from all over the body, these pinched nerves can not only cause neck and back pain but may also cause pain in other unrelated areas of the body.

The following article will explore 6 common bad posture positions that many of us are making and will provide solutions to help correct these postures.

Rounded Shoulders

The problem: The sternoclavicular joints are unstable, therefore the body recruits the pectoris minor muscles to stabilize the joint. This brings the shoulder forward. With the shoulder forward, the upper trap turns on helping to support the shoulder from the neck.

There is also a relationship with the thoracic spine & the sternum. The exercise described recruits global muscles to do the work of the postural muscles what happens is that for a short period of time holding through these muscles works then the muscles fatigue and the person falls back into the poor posture.

The fix: Lie facedown on the floor, with each arm at a 90-degree angle in the high-five position. Without changing your elbow angle, raise both arms by pulling your shoulders back and squeezing your shoulder blades together. Hold for five seconds. That’s one rep; do two or three sets of 12 reps daily. Changing posture has to happen by working the postural muscles which are deep to the global muscle

Forward Head & Neck

The problem: Stiff muscles in the back of your neck.

The fix: Moving only your head, drop your chin down and in toward your sternum while stretching the back of your neck. Hold for a count of five; do this 10 times a day.

Be careful not to push too hard or you will risk shifting your vertebra, which can lead to constant headaches.

Anterior Pelvic Tilt

The problem: There is a lack of support through the transverse abs and usually the lower 2 lumbar vertebra are unstable which is why the body tightens up the psoas & iliacus. There is often unstable hip joints due to stretched joint capsules as well.

The fix: Kneel on your left knee, with your right foot on the floor in front of you, knee bent. Press forward until you feel the stretch in your left hip. Tighten your butt muscles on your left side until you feel the front of your hip stretching comfortably.

Reach upward with your left arm and stretch to the right side. Hold for a count of 30 seconds. That’s one repetition; do three on each side.

Elevated Shoulder

The problem: The muscle under your chest (running from your ribs to your shoulder blades) is weak. This is often the Levator scapula muscle in spasm, supported by a tight upper trap.

The fix: Sit upright in a chair with your hands next to your hips, palms down on the seat, arms straight. Without moving your arms, push down on the chair until your hips lift up off the seat and your torso rises. Hold for five seconds. That’s one repetition; do two or three sets of 12 reps daily.

Pigeon Toes

The problem: This problem is a bit too complex to sum up in a sentence, however some contributing factors to pigeon toes may be weak muscle support from the glutes, bone deformities, arthritis, and more.

The fix: Lie on one side with your knees bent 90 degrees and your heels together. Keeping your hips still, raise your top knee upward, separating your knees like a clamshell. Pause for five seconds, then lower your knee to the starting position. That’s one rep. Perform two or three sets of 12 reps on each side daily.

Duck Feet

The problem: Again, this problem could be caused my many factors. One contributing factor may be that your oblique muscles and hip flexors are weak.

The fix: Get into a pushup position with your feet resting on a stability ball. Without rounding your lower back, tuck your knees under your torso, using your feet to roll the ball toward your body, then back to the starting position. That’s one rep.

Now do two or three sets of six to 12 reps daily.

Assess Your Posture Right Now!

Wear something form-fitting and take two full-body photos—one from the front, one from the side. Relax your muscles and stand as tall as you can, feet hip-width apart. Then refer to the fix-it plan (below left) to diagnose your posture problems.

1. Look at your ear. If it’s in front of the midpoint of your shoulder, your head is too far forward.
2. Can you see your shoulder blade? That means your back is too rounded.
3. If your hips tilt forward and you have a belly pooch (even if you don’t have an ounce of fat on your body) and your lower spine is arched significantly, this means you have an anterior pelvic tilt.
4 . Look at your shoulders. One shouldn’t appear higher than the other.
5. Check out your kneecaps. Do they point inward, causing your knees to touch when your legs are straightened?
6. See if you’re duck-footed. Your toes will point outward more than 10 degrees.

There you have it! Correcting poor posture while you are young will help prevent further more severe complications in the future. Try these corrective procedures and let us know how they work for you in the comment section below:D

Continue reading

Τετάρτη, 19 Οκτωβρίου 2016

Woven into the ever-evolving narrative of the mainstream media are key plot lines, hidden in the sub-text of so-called current events, going for the most part unnoticed by the public.

We could say this happens by chance but since we already know the structure and purpose of corporate media, this would be naive and dangerously forgiving of an organization that plays an authoritative role inmanufacturing reality. And since political, economic, social and environmental reality is an affront to our greatest human potential, to say the least, it serves us well to acknowledge and expose the directives we are being provoked into accepting and acting on.

“This complete utter and total connection between perception and experience is understood by that hidden hand, and that’s why the human mind is bombarded 24/7 with downloads of perception.” ~David Icke

Conspiracy. An abused word, but one with tremendous relevance today, as no other word in the english language adequately synthesizes the concepts of plot, motive and wicked intention. Love or hate the word itself, when an examination of media in its relation to reality is given proper due with respect for historical and philosophical truth, it requires willful ignorance to dismiss the fact that there are conspiracies at play in our world, and therefore theories are required to understand and expose them.

There a handful of major conspiracies driving the mainline media’s direction of our attention onto whatever nonsense, propaganda or disinfo happens to be soup du jour for public consumption. Awareness of these disrupts the pattern of top-down, in-your-face control, offering the freedom to consume media without unconscious obligation to the subduing and pacifying world view being forced down our throats by our information overlords.

Here are five of the most important and prominent media conspiracies constantly at work on the public psyche. All are absolutely essential to support and maintain the status quo.


Indoctrination into the nurturing womb of the state is essential for our society to function as it does. As children, we are taught the state’s version of national and international history, we pledge allegiance to the state flag, and we learn a superficial version of how state government works while being told the only alternative is destructive chaos.

This theme of state indoctrination carries on into the mainstream media as state worship is embedded into news, infotainment and entertainment. The most important people are those in public office. The most important opinions come from state employees turned pundits. The most important decisions are those made by the government. Heroes are soldiers. There is no issue or concern which does not warrant action from the state.


There is an invisible unelected power which controls government and industry around the world, yet no matter how many warnings we receive from even the most credentialed individuals, the media will never genuinely report on the shadow government, the deep state, secret societies, or the Zionist neocons, opting instead to direct our attention onto government, maintaining the impression that major decisions are made democratically.

Consider how many years it has taken for even basic, propagandistic coverage of Bilderberg to make it to the mainstream. The Bilderberg Group is a gathering of the world’s most powerful private, corporate, and state actors, yet the media still wants you to believe their influence in our world is but a theory.

Furthermore, the banking institutions which have monopolized world currencies into private hands charging every interest for the ability to trade, are fully misrepresented by the media as benevolent and ‘too big to fail,’ ie., too big to prosecute. For a recent example of this, look to CNN Money who put together a shoddy segment on the Federal Reserve Bank of the United States, explaining to the audience how it was not at all political, but rather an independent group intentionally designed in 1913 for our benefit.


The rape of the planet physically, economically and spiritually by corporate power and greed is escalating on a global scale, yet the mainstream refuses to give this issue its proper due. Corporations are presented as society’s saviors, bringing us the jobs and conveniences that make life bearable, yet, while we may profit in material terms in the short term, corporate exploitation of the world and its cultures is quickly pushing us into unknown territory where the world’s wealth will be given over to the 1%, and the world’s eco-systems are laid waste.

The Dakota Sioux protest over the Keystone XL pipeline offers a recent example of how corporate media treats important environmental issues resulting from corporate dominance. Silence. Although organic resistance to this is huge and widely covered by the alternative media, only natural disasters that stoke irrational fears make the nightly news.

When was the last time the mainstream news ran an expose of the Athabasca Oil Sands project, or of the widespread destruction of the Amazon rainforest? These issues are vastly critical to our survival, yet never explored by corporate media. Even something as crucial as Fukushima, which is still dumping radiation into the Pacific Ocean five years after the earthquake and tsunami of 2011, gets nary a mention. This disaster is put off as a local Japanese issue and all attempts to bring closure to this are left the hands of TEPCO, the Japanese energy corporation, even in the face of mounting evidence that Fukushima is already affecting life in North America.


In order to create and maintain the culture of top-down rule, it is mandatory that the populace suffers interminable disunity, widespread apathy, infighting and senseless division. This is fomented by the mainline media’s assistance in the destruction of the individual; for our own self-destruction is the most economical solution for the elite in their quest to destroy us.

The vibration of the news is always as dense as possible, a continual flood of violence, hate, gore and madness, ever refusing concepts and ideas that enlighten, focusing instead on the repetition of insanity. Corporate media, especially from Hollywood, is a non-stop psychic assault serving to color darkly our souls, driving us into inner despair, suggesting to us that we self-medicate, guiding us into the hands of modern psychology for relief from the onslaught.

When the individual is useless to himself, he is useless to his community and to society as a whole. When this is accomplished it is easy to corral us into narrow frames of mind and widespread division, working against ourselves rather than for ourselves.


The war on consciousness is real. It is a concerted effort to prevent the individual from understanding the true nature of the self, from gaining critical self-knowledge, and from maturing beyond childish naivety and intelligence. The prosecution of the war on drugs, heavily promoted in corporate media, is a key strategy, for it inhibits our willingness to explore our own sovereign consciousness, cutting us off from ancient and natural tools of self-exploration, limiting our understanding of what is possible in this human experience.

As researcher and author Graham Hancock states:

“There can be no more intimate and elemental part of the individual than his or her own consciousness. At the deepest level, our consciousness is what we are—to the extent that if we are not sovereign over our own consciousness then we cannot in any meaningful sense be sovereign over anything else either. ” ~Graham Hancock


We are quickly entering a time when the only way for the elite to prevent revolution is to enact the strict social controls only possible in a world war type scenario, which is presently unfolding before our sleepwalking eyes. The mainstream media participates in the conspiracy to prevent revolution by constantly reinforcing false state narratives about security, privacy and the need for more control, and by continually manufacturing consent for the oligarchy.

The main objective is to prevent disbelief in official government stories and narratives, regularly engaging on the trigger term ‘conspiracy theory‘ to deflate curiosity of the unknown and misunderstood workings of our government. The media are moulding us into self-monitoring, self-policing gatekeepers who are trained to reject revolutionary ideas before they are duly investigated.

When so much of the information we intake is controlled by so few organizations, and the messages we most receive combine to transform us into dis-empowered non-actors in a world being taken over by untouchable global powers, we can safely call it a conspiracy.

The solution, of course, requires us to tune out of corporate media and engage self-education, self-knowledge and in participation in community.


Sigmund Fraud is a survivor of modern psychiatry and a dedicated mental activist. He is a staff writer for where he indulges in the possibility of a massive shift towards a more psychologically aware future for humankind. Follow Sigmund on Facebook here.
Continue reading

Τετάρτη, 28 Σεπτεμβρίου 2016

Nathaniel Makau, Staff Writer

Technology consultants to DARPA may claim the secretive Department of Defense only has innovation for the betterment of humanity in mind, but some of their most outlandish projects tell a different story.

How do DARPA’s projects interact with each other and what does this truly mean for us as a civilization?

DARPA has hacked into a squid’s nervous system in order to force the animal to change its colors. What does this mean for you and me? DARPA is essentially seeing just how far they can take their mind control techniques so that even those of us who have not been overtaken with nano-bots would still be physically submissive. This same experiment is being carried out on human spies, wherein DARPA’s scientists hack into the peripheral nervous system to override autonomic functioning. Using its Targeted Neuroplasticity Training program, DARPA is attempting to take over the brain’s synaptic plasticity, so that it can tap into nerves reaching out to our extremities. While this may sound ‘cool’ at first blush, imagine the implications if someone were remotely controlling how your limbs function against your will. Ray Kurzweil has already predicted that humans will by hybrid robots by the year 2030. If DARPA has their way, he is probably late in his estimation.

DARPA is studying the human fight or flight response. The Neuroscience of threat response could be used to help bolster soldiers’ bravery who face horrifying conditions in perpetual wars, but DARPA could also be studying how we respond to stress and appropriately flee from it, in order to make us compliant in situations where normally we’d be running as fast as we could in the other direction. A $300,000 grant over two years was awarded to a researcher from the University of Colorado at Boulder, to use neuroeconomic models to study how the way we move changes when faced with threats. The lead researcher says that people seem to be ‘irrational’ in their movement choices when faced with risky situations, and while some of us have an over-stimulated fight-or-flight response from both real and imagined threats we’ve experienced in our lives, a government agency determining when we should flee and when to shut down our bodily systems to force us to stay in a dicey situation seems a bit peevish, minimally.

Former DARPA employee, Regina Dugan once said, “We got to do a lot of epic shit when I was at DARPA.” She’s been at Motorola, Google, and most recently Facebook. At Facebook she is charged with making ‘new technologies,’ but while at DARPA she helped to develop electronic tattoos (human branding with barcodes and Mark of the Beast) as well as passwords to computer systems you can swallow. In the 1993 British movie, Naked, directed by Mike Leigh and starring David Thewlis, the following conversation takes place:

“What is the mark? Well the mark Brian, is the barcode. The ubitiqous barcode that you’ll find on every bog roll, and every packet of johnny’s and every poxie-pot pie. And every [expletive-removed] barcode is divided into two parts by three markers and those three markers are always represented by the number six. Six-six-six. Now what does it say? No one shall be able to buy or sell without that mark. And now what they’re planning to do in order to eradicate all credit card fraud and in order to precipitate a totally cashless society. What they’re planning to do; what they’ve already tested on the American troops; they’re going to subcutaneously laser tattoo that mark onto your right hand or onto your forehead.”(Naked, British movie, 1993, directed by Mike Leigh and starring David Thewlis)

There are dozens more unseemly DARPA projects, from real life Avatars to every conceivable manner of robots, and war toys that would make Machiavelli jealous. Some say DARPA is simply pushing technological boundaries to their very edge, but by piecing together the implications of their projects both singularly, and used cooperatively, another possibility becomes startlingly apparent.

About the Author

Nathaniel Mauka is a researcher of the dark side of government and exopolitics, and a staff writer for Waking Times.

Like Wakin
Continue reading

Πέμπτη, 3 Δεκεμβρίου 2015

If someone told you that the U.S. government plotted terror attacks against targets on U.S. soil, that CIA had infiltrated the entirety of Western media and was using the media as a propaganda tool or that after World War II the U.S. secretly brought over a thousand Nazi scientists to the U.S to work on top secret projects for the federal government, people would likely say they were a wild conspiracy theorist.

On the surface these, “conspiracy theories” sound like insane movie plots produced by Hollywood, but sometimes the truth is stranger than fiction – and much more ominous.

Welcome to 2015, where tinfoil has become reality.

Let us guide you through 3 of the most tyrannical escapades ever endeavored upon by the United States government, proven through investigation and declassified documents.

1. Operation Northwoods

After the failed Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961, in the midst of the Cold War, a top secret plan was formulated, called Operation Northwoods. The operation was signed off on by the Joint Chiefs of Staff and made it all the way to President Kennedy’s desk, where he refused to sign off on the diabolical plot. Some of the most disturbing revelations of the op called for U.S. government agents to carry out terrorist attacks within the United States.

“We could develop a Communist Cuban terror campaign in the Miami area, in other Florida cities and even in Washington. The terror campaign could be pointed at Cuban refugees seeking haven in the United States. We could sink a boatload of Cubans en route to Florida (real or simulated). We could foster attempts on lives of Cuban refugees in the United States even to the extent of wounding in instances to be widely publicized. Exploding a few plastic bombs in carefully chosen spots, the arrest of Cuban agents and the release of prepared documents substantiating Cuban involvement also would be helpful in projecting the idea of an irresponsible government.”

To justify using the U.S. military in Cuba, the military was willing to engage in actual terrorist attacks on American soil. Let that sink in for a minute. This is not a crazy conspiracy theory, this actually happened and the only reason it wasn’t operationalized is because Kennedy said no.

2. Operation Mockingbird

This CIA operation began as the Cold War ramped up in the 1950’s. In an attempt to gather intelligence and influence public opinion, the CIA recruited journalists from across the United States. The program operated for nearly three decades and was deeply embedded in the fabric of American journalism. These compromised journalists provided the CIA direct access to some of the most prestigious media outlets in the country. The scope of the infiltration of the media was vast, encompassing newspapers, periodicals, press services, news agencies, radio and television stations, book publishers and foreign media outlets. A congressional investigation by the Church Committee exposed the vast propaganda program, stating:

“The CIA currently maintains a network of several hundred foreign individuals around the world who provide intelligence for the CIA and at times attempt to influence opinion through the use of covert propaganda.”

Respected journalist Carl Bernstein, writing about the depth of the CIA’s co-opting of media, wrote in Rollingstone in 1977:

“Some of these journalists’ relationships with the Agency were tacit; some were explicit. There was cooperation, accommodation and overlap. Journalists provided a full range of clandestine services — from simple intelligence-gathering to serving as go betweens with spies in Communist countries. Reporters shared their notebooks with the CIA. Editors shared their staffs. Some of the journalists were Pulitzer Prize winners, distinguished reporters who considered themselves ambassadors without portfolio for their country. Most were less exalted – foreign correspondents who found that their association with the Agency helped their work; stringers and freelancers who were as interested in the derring-do of the spy business as in filing articles; and, the smallest category, full-time CIA employees masquerading as journalists abroad. In many instances, CIA documents show, journalists were engaged to perform tasks for the CIA with the consent of the managements of America’s leading news organizations.”

3. Operation Paperclip

Operation Paperclip was the codename for an operation in which US intelligence and military services secretly brought Nazi scientists to the U.S., permanently repatriating them as World War II came to a close. Originally the project was called Operation Overcast, and is also referred to as Project Paperclip.

The U.S. showed particular interest in scientists specializing in aerodynamics and rocketry, chemical weapons, chemical reaction technology and medicine. These scientists and their families were secretly brought to the United States, without State Department review and approval. This is because their service for the Nazi party and SS memberships, as well as the classification of many as war criminals or security threats, disqualified them from officially obtaining visas.

President Truman had ordered the exclusion of anyone who was “a member of the Nazi Party, and more than a nominal participant in its activities, or an active supporter of Nazi militarism.” This would have excluded most of the leading Nazi scientists, so to circumvent Truman’s order, the Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA), created false political biographies for the scientists. JIOA then went on to expunge all records of the scientists’ affiliation with the Nazi party and grant each of them U.S. government security clearances, thus allowing them to work on highly classified projects for the U.S. military.

The majority of the 1,500 Nazi scientists were deployed to various military testing sites to work on guided missile and ballistic missile technology, along with numerous other scientific endeavors. These actions, in turn, led to the foundation of NASA and the U.S. ICBM program.

All three of these “theories” have been brushed off by many as “crazy” and unrealistic even though there is concrete evidence to prove them all to be true. These types of insanely horrific conspiracies will continue to occur until enough people pull their heads out of the sand; and let it be known that we see what the man behind the curtain is doing.

With knowledge of these heinous acts, one must question exactly what type of similar operations are currently being run by the U.S. government, without the knowledge of the American public.

Jay Syrmopoulos is an investigative journalist, free thinker, researcher, and ardent opponent of authoritarianism. He is currently a graduate student at University of Denver pursuing a masters in Global Affairs. Jay’s work has previously been published on and You can follow him on Twitter @sirmetropolis, on Facebook at Sir Metropolis and now on tsu.

Continue reading

Τετάρτη, 2 Δεκεμβρίου 2015

By: AnonWatcher

It’s another unconscionable act by the United States Government: 65 years ago several hundred victims were infected with syphilis in a ‘study’ conducted with the assistance of Johns Hopkins faculty members’.

The Guatemala experiment, according to the filed lawsuit, alleges that Johns Hopkins designed, created and oversaw the treatment of the victims, in what is considered an experiment with some details too horrific to mention. “They kept a lid on it, making sure that nobody knew about it, and they actively deceived these people. There was no consent obtained for and from anybody,” according to Paul Bekman, one of the attorneys representing the victims and their families. [1]

Nearly 800 subjects were infected with Syphilis and other STDs in Guatemala without their consent or knowledge, with the United States Government knowing they would be unable to be prosecuted for their actions on North American shores. It is stated that the victims were subjected to the contraction of the disease in some of the most horrendous situations, and the study included the monitoring of children’s blood for affects indirect from parents exposure.

The Rockefeller Foundation has also been cited as one of the founders of the study, helping to finance the cause, along with the New York pharmaceutical company Bristol Meyers Squibb, though both emphatically deny any involvement.

The experiment came to light in 2012. President Obama and Hilary Clinton both acknowledged the atrocity with a formal apology and stated that the research was well out of the scope for what the United States Government stands for; meanwhile Johns Hopkins University claims that they too would not be held accountable for the unethical breach in human rights. It seems no one claims responsibility with a lot of finger-pointing occurring; and in 2012, a federal judge dismissed a class action lawsuit against the U.S. government for the study, stating that the plaintiffs’’ “legal claims are not supported by the facts.”
Marta Orellana was experimented on when she was nine. Photograph: Rory Carroll/Guardian

According to a report by The Guardian, during the experiments, the following occurred to the victims:

“1. Prostitutes were infected with venereal disease and then provided for sex to subjects for intentional transmission of the disease;

2. Subjects were inoculated by injection of syphilis spirochaetes into the spinal fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord, under the skin, and on mucous membranes;

3. An emulsion containing syphilis or gonorrhoea was spread under the foreskin of the penis in male subjects;

4. The penis of male subjects was scraped and scarified and then coated with the emulsion containing syphilis or gonorrhea;

5. A woman from the psychiatric hospital was injected with syphilis, developed skin lesions and wasting, and then had gonorrhoeal pus from a male subject injected into both of her eyes and;

6. Children were subjected to blood studies to check for the presence of venereal disease.”[2]

[1] Lleto, C. (2015, April 1). Johns Hopkins Univ. Faces $1 Billion Lawsuit over STD Study. Retrieved from

[2] Laughland, O. (2015, April 3). Guatemalans deliberately infected with STDs sue Johns Hopkins University for $1bn. [The Guardian]. Retrieved from
Continue reading

The U.S. Army has finally admitted to conducting experiments on human subjects with chemical weapons throughout World War II—simply because they were African-American, Japanese-American, or Puerto Rican. With America’s dysfunctional inability to discuss the country’s underlying systemic racism once again diverted thanks to a flag, a troubling investigation by NPR proves such conversation is nothing less than an imperative.

Roughly one million black men serving in World War II faced the shameful double-standard of fighting for the very country that viewed them with suspicion and hate. Troops of color were ruthlessly discriminated against by their superiors and forced to clean and cook for white soldiers, among other demeaning tasks. Segregation was the rule from the barracks to the battlefield.

60,000 of those enlisted minority men were singled out to cruelly and unwittingly serve as the army’s human test subjects to determine how mustard gas would react with contact to skin. Though white subjects were also used, they served as the control group to “establish what was ‘normal’” in comparison to the skin of minorities.

Federal officials initially admitted to human testing in 1991, but it wasn’t until NPR thoroughly delved into available documentation and conducted interviews with survivors that the true nature of these experiments became apparent.

Director of Pentagon press operations, Army Col. Steve Warren, acquiesced that the race-based tests had occurred but quickly emphasized how different the military was during the second World War. “The first thing to be very clear about is that the Department of Defense does not conduct chemical weapons testing any longer. And I think we have come as far as any American institution on race. So I think particularly for us in uniform, to hear and see something like this, it’s stark. It’s even a little bit jarring,” he told NPR.

Documents revealed shortly after the initial revelation of the army’s experiments described three methods for testing:

“Patch tests where liquid mustard gas was applied directly onto test subjects’ skin; field tests, where subjects were exposed to gas outdoors in simulated combat settings; and chamber tests, where men were locked inside gas chambers while mustard gas was piped inside.”

At least one researcher interviewed by NPR felt the army could have been hoping to discover the “ideal chemical soldier”—an entire racial group able to act as a buffer on the front lines, absorbing the majority of a chemical attack while white troops waited for the effects to dissipate. Though the army conceded the race-based nature of the experiments, the true reasons for testing remain undisclosed after a lengthy battle for requested records failed to produce any results.

Rollins Edwards survived his ordeal as an army test subject. The 93-year-old carried something with him for years to prove as much to anyone who doubted him—a jar to hold the flakes of skin that continue to scale off from the after-effects of the chemical some 70 years later.

His experience—and his jar of skin—are analogous to America’s larger neurosis. Blatant racism as policy and practice might be chaptered in history, but the surreptitious after-effects as a systemic issue are every bit as real today. It’s somewhat ironic that those so acutely aware of the problem don’t always have proof for the doubters as tangible as a jar full of evidence.

This article (Pentagon Admits to Race-Based Human Experiments During WWII) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to the author and
Continue reading

Τρίτη, 1 Δεκεμβρίου 2015

Those at The Idealist Revolution have compiled a list of the most notorious and most popular experiments of all time that show humanity’s dark side.

The Asch Experiment (1953)

Psychologist Solomon Asch conducted a series of experiments during the 1950’s that were designed to demonstrate the power of conformity in groups. The experiments involved a ‘vision test’ in which the subject would have to match one line with another. Unbeknownst to the subject, the other participants were assistants of the experimenter.

As the test progressed, the assistants would purposefully choose the wrong answers while the actual test subject chose the correct answer. Experimenters wanted to see how long it would take the test subject to finally conform to the rest of the group.

The results of the experiment:

  • Almost 75 percent of participants went along with the wrong answers at least once
  • After combining the results of each individual experiment, the group of participants conformed to the incorrect answer one-third of the time
  • When asked to write their response to the experiment rather than saying it out loud, participants answered correctly 98 percent of the time
  • When just one assistant (false participant) was present, there was virtually no effect on the actual participant, meaning they gave the correct answer nearly every time
  • When two assistants were present, there was a small effect on the participant
  • In the presence of three or more assistants, the effect on the participant was much greater
  • When one assistant in a group gave the correct answer, the participants level of conformity lowered dramatically

Later studies support these findings (Morris & Miller, 1975).

After the experiments were over, participants were asked why they had conformed to the rest of the group. Most responded that they didn’t want to be ridiculed, while a few actually claimed they believed the wrong answers were correct.

There are a couple problems critics have with the experiments, the first being that participants may have been motivated to avoid conflict rather than a desire to conform. The second criticism is that the experiment may not predict real world situations. However, many social psychology experts believe that even though real world situations may not be as clear-cut as in a lab, the actual social pressure to conform is most likely much greater than an individual’s will to go against the herd, indicating that in high-pressure real-life situations, a person is more likely to conform.

The Good Samaritan Experiment (1973)

This experiment comes from the Biblical story of the Good Samaritan, which is about a man (enter our Good Samaritan) who helps another man in need as the self-righteous walk on by. Psychologists John Darley and C. Daniel Batson wanted to see if religion has any effect on helpful behavior.

The psychologists had three hypotheses:

1. People thinking religious, “helping” thoughts would still be no more likely than others to offer help.

2. People in a hurry will be less likely to offer aid than others.

3. People who are religious in a Samaritan fashion will be more likely to help than those of a priest of Levite fashion. In other words, people who are religious for what it will gain them will be less likely than those who value religion for its own value or are searching for meaning in life.

The participants of this experiment first completed a questionnaire about religion (to help evaluate hypothesis #3). Next, they were instructed to walk from their current location to another building close by where they would give a speech on the Good Samaritan. The level of urgency in their instructions varied. Little did the participants know, the walk to the building itself was part of the experiment.

On the way to the other building, the participants encountered a man in an alleyway, the victim’s condition unknown. Slumped in a doorway, the man would moan and cough as they walked by. The results:

0 = failed to notice the victim as in need

1 = perceived need but did not offer aid

2 = did not stop but helped indirectly by telling an aide upon their arrival

3 = stopped and asked if the victim needed help

4 = after stopping, insisted on taking victim inside and then left him

5 = refused to leave victim, or insisted on taking him somewhere

Upon arriving at the second building, participants were then instructed to answer a questionnaire on ‘helping behavior’. “The amount of ‘hurriedness’ induced in the subject had a major effect on helping behavior, but the task variable did not (even when the talk was about the Good Samaritan).”

  • 40% offered some help to the victim
  • 63% helped in low-hurry situations
  • 45% helped in medium-hurry situations
  • 10% helped in high-hurry situations
  • 53% for helping-relevant message
  • 29% for task-relevant message

There was no correlation between “religious types” and helpful behavior, and the only variable that showed some effect was “religion as a quest”. This means that those who saw religion as a quest were less likely to offer substantial help than those who didn’t. However, later analysis shows this may not be caused by religious difference.

According to the results, a person who’s in a hurry is more likely to ignore someone who needs help, even when going on to speak about the parable of the Good Samaritan. It was noted in the study that some participants actually stepped over the victim on their way to the other building. The implication is that thinking about social norms does not imply that one will act on them when they are focused on more pressing matters. 

Bystander Apathy Experiment (1968)

Similar to the Good Samaritan experiment, the Bystander Apathy experiment was also created by John Darley with the help of Bibb Latané in response to the murder of Kitty Genovese in 1964. Where the Good Samaritan experiment focuses more on the religious influences on the participant, the Bystander Apathy experiment measures how long it takes for participants to act, and whether or not they intervene at all. The results of this experiment indicate that when there is a greater number individuals present, people are less likely to help those in need.

Kitty Genovese, 28, was stabbed to death near her apartment in New York City on March 13, 1964. It had been reported that 38 individuals witnessed her murder without offering help.

While there is controversy behind how many unresponsive witnesses there actually were during Genovese’s murder, there have since been many of these experiments conducted in society, and there can be no denying that the Bystander Apathy Effect exists. Here is an experiment from 2009 conducted in the UK:

The Stanford Prison Experiment (1971)

Psychology professor, Philip Zimbardo, led a team of researchers in the Stanford Prison experiment from August 14th to August 20th of 1971. Funded by the US Office of Naval Research, the study was meant to record the psychological effects of becoming a prisoner or a guard in a prison system.

Twenty-four male students from Stanford University participated in the experiment, all of whom were given randomly assigned roles. The participants adapted to their roles better than Zimbardo could have anticipated, as the guards began to enforce authoritarian measures and subjected some of the prisoners to psychological torture.

As for the prisoners, many passively accepted the psychological abuse, and even harassed other “prisoners” at the request of the guards when they tried to prevent it. Zimbardo also found himself effected by the experiment in his role as the superintendent, ultimately permitting the abuse to continue. Two prisoners quit the experiment early and the entire study was stopped after only six days.

The results of this experiment demonstrate the impressionability and obedience of people “when provided with a legitimizing ideology and social and institutional support.” This is something the citizens of the US are now experiencing on a massive level due to the current police state.

Shortly after the study had been conducted, revolts began at both the San Quentin and Attica prison facilities. 

The Milgram Experiment (1961)

Yale University psychologist, Stanley Milgram, conducted the Milgram experiments which focused on obedience to authority figures, or more specifically, it “measured the willingness of study participants to obey an authority figure who instructed them to perform acts that conflicted with their personal conscience.”

The experiment began in response to German Nazi war criminal, Adolf Eichmann. Milgram designed his study to answer the question:

“Was it that Eichmann and his accomplices in the Holocaust had mutual intent, in at least with regard to the goals of the Holocaust?”

In other words, Milgram wanted to know if there was a mutual sense of morality among those involved. The tests suggested that the millions of accomplices to the Holocaust may have been simply following orders, despite violating their deepest moral beliefs. While the tests have consistent results, the percentages vary across the globe.

The Milgram experiments were very controversial. Many scientists considered it to be unethical and physically or psychologically abusive. Others believed it can cause permanent psychological damage as well as causing people to be less trusting in the future.

The experiment itself involved one participant (taking the role of “teacher”) asking another participant (in the role of “student”) a series of questions. The student was supposedly attached to an intimidating shock generator. The settings on the shock generator included “slight shock”, “moderate shock”, and “danger: severe shock”. The last two settings were simply labeled “XXX”.

The participants who played the role of the teacher were unaware that the participant playing the student was actually an assistant to the experimenter, and was not attached to a shock generator. In the meantime, test subjects truly believed they were delivering shocks.

The assistants who played the roles of the students would periodically plead to be released, and some complained of heart conditions. When the participants asked the experimenter if they should continue, the experimenter would give responses such as:

1. “Please continue.”

2. “The experiment requires that you continue.”

3. “It is absolutely essential that you continue.”

4. “You have no other choice, you must go on.”

The level of shock the participant delivered was used to measure their obedience, and in the end, 65 percent of the participants delivered the maximum shock level. “Of the 40 participants, 26 delivered the maximum shocks while 14 stopped before reaching the highest levels.”

Bystander Apathy Effect Experiment. Flow Psychology. Retrieved from

Cherry, Kendra (2015). The Asch Conformity Experiments. About Education. Retrieved from

The Idealist Revolution. Mar 18, 2015. (

Morris, W., & Miller, R. (1975). The effects of consensus-breaking and consensus-pre-empting partners of reduction in conformity. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 11, 215-223.

By: EV
Continue reading